Cross sections of the Le Sueur and Maple Rivers, Minnesota

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Patrick Belmont , Angus Vaughan , Bruce Call
Description:

A total of 44 cross-sections were surveyed on the Le Sueur and Maple rivers, near Mankato, Minnesota in 2008 and again in 2015. The cross sections were initially measured in 2008 to support development of a watershed sediment budget (Belmont et al., 2011; Gran et al., 2011) and a numerical sediment routing model (Viparelli et al., 2014). The flood of record occurred in 2010, with several other large floods in subsequent years. So the cross-sections were repeated in 2015 in an effort to quantify morphological changes in the channel to inform development of a morphodynamic channel-floodplain model (Call et al., 2017). In each survey, a total of 20 bankfull cross-section surveyed on the Le Sueur River and another 24 cross sections were surveyed on the Maple River.

Metadata

Name Value Last Modified
Contact
  • Patrick Belmont, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8244-3854, patrick.belmont@usu.edu
Added by Jim(u/p) Myers on Jan 7, 2019
Principal Investigator(s)
  • Patrick Belmont
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Methods
  • Locations of cross sections were selected to be a regular intervals, approximately every 3 km along the channel, contingent on access to the bank and safe wading conditions. The location of each cross section was precisely located using a Real Time Kinematic rtkGPS system. Channel width and depth were measured using rtkGPS or, in cases where a reliable GPS signal could not be obtained, with an engineer’s level and stadia rod. The banks delineating the boundaries of the active channel well defined in the study reaches, marked by distinct breaks in topographic slope and well-defined transitions in riparian vegetation. Reach-average slope values were calculated from a 3 m lidar Digital Elevation Model (DEM) within ArcGIS over a 600 m length-scale to average out noise in the false water surface of the DEM.
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Vaughan, A.A., Belmont, P., Hawkins, C.P., Wilcock, P.R., (2017) Near‐channel versus watershed controls on sediment rating curves. Journal of Geophysical Research – Earth Surface. 122(10), 1901-1923. doi: 10.1002/2016JF004180
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Lauer, J.W., Echterling, C., Lenhart, C., Belmont, P., Rausch, R. (2017). Air-photo based change in channel width in the Minnesota River basin: Modes of adjustment and implications for sediment budget. Geomorphology, 297, 170-184. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.09.005
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Call, B., Belmont, P., Schmidt, J.C., Wilcock, P.R. (2017) Changes in Floodplain Inundation under Non-Stationary Hydrology for an Adjustable, Alluvial River Channel. Water Resources Research. doi:10.1002/2016WR020277
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Czuba, J.A., Foufoula-Georgiou, E., Gran, K.B., Belmont, P., Wilcock, P.R., (2017) Interplay between Spatially Explicit Sediment Sourcing, Hierarchical River Network Structure, and In-Channel Bed-Material Sediment Transport and Storage Dynamics. Journal of Geophysical Research-Earth Surface. 122(5), 1090-1120. doi:10.1002/2016JF003965
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Belmont, P., Willenbring, J.K., Schottler, S.P., Marquard. J., Kumarasamy, K., Hemmis, J. (2014) Toward generalizable sediment fingerprinting with tracers that are conservative and non-conservative over sediment routing timescales. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 14 (8), 1479-1492. DOI: 10.1007/s11368-014-0913-5
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Gran, K.B., Finnegan, N., Johnson, A.L., Belmont, P., Wittkop, C., Rittenour, T. (2013) Landscape evolution, valley excavation, and terrace development following abrupt postglacial base level fall. GSA Bulletin. 125(11-12), 1851-1864.
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Maalim, F.K., Melesse, A.M., Belmont, P., Gran, K. (2013) Modeling the impact of land use changes on runoff and sediment yield in the Le Sueur watershed, Minnesota using GeoWEPP. Catena. 107: 35-45.
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Viparelli, E., Lauer, J.W., Belmont, P., Parker, G. (2013) A Numerical Model to Develop Long-term Sediment Budgets Using Isotopic Sediment Fingerprints. Computers and Geosciences Special Issue on Modeling for Environmental Change. 53: 114-122. doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2011.10.003
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Belmont, P., Gran, K.B., Schottler, S.P., Wilcock, P.R., Day, S.S., Jennings, C., Lauer, J.W., Viparelli, E., Willenbring, J.K., Engstrom, D.R., Parker, G. (2011) Large shift in source of fine sediment in the Upper Mississippi River. Environmental Science and Technology. 45, 8804–8810. dx.doi.org/10.1021/es2019109
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Gran, K.B., Belmont, P., Day, S.S., Finnegan, N., Jennings, C., Lauer, J.W., Wilcock, P.R. (2011) Landscape evolution in south-central Minnesota and the role of geomorphic history on modern erosional processes. GSA Today. 21 (9): 7-9
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Belmont, P., Gran, K., Jennings, C.E., Wittkop, C., Day, S.S. (2011) Kirk Bryan Field Trip: Holocene landscape evolution and erosional processes in the Le Sueur River, central Minnesota. Guide book for 2011 GSA National Meeting Kirk Bryan Field Trip, Minneapolis, MN.
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Is Referenced By
  • Belmont, P. (2011) Floodplain width adjustments in response to rapid base level fall and knickpoint migration. Geomorphology. 128 (1-2): 92-102.
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Grant Number
  • NSF ENG 1209445
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Funding Institution
  • National Science Foundation
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
Creator
  • Patrick Belmont, Angus Vaughan, Bruce Call
Added by Patrick Belmont on Sep 14, 2018
  • Contact: Patrick Belmont, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8244-3854, patrick.belmont@usu.edu
  • Principal Investigator(s): Patrick Belmont
  • Methods: Locations of cross sections were selected to be a regular intervals, approximately every 3 km along the channel, contingent on access to the bank and safe wading conditions. The location of each cross section was precisely located using a Real Time Kinematic rtkGPS system. Channel width and depth were measured using rtkGPS or, in cases where a reliable GPS signal could not be obtained, with an engineer’s level and stadia rod. The banks delineating the boundaries of the active channel well defined in the study reaches, marked by distinct breaks in topographic slope and well-defined transitions in riparian vegetation. Reach-average slope values were calculated from a 3 m lidar Digital Elevation Model (DEM) within ArcGIS over a 600 m length-scale to average out noise in the false water surface of the DEM.
  • Is Referenced By: Vaughan, A.A., Belmont, P., Hawkins, C.P., Wilcock, P.R., (2017) Near‐channel versus watershed controls on sediment rating curves. Journal of Geophysical Research – Earth Surface. 122(10), 1901-1923. doi: 10.1002/2016JF004180
  • Is Referenced By: Lauer, J.W., Echterling, C., Lenhart, C., Belmont, P., Rausch, R. (2017). Air-photo based change in channel width in the Minnesota River basin: Modes of adjustment and implications for sediment budget. Geomorphology, 297, 170-184. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.09.005
  • Is Referenced By: Call, B., Belmont, P., Schmidt, J.C., Wilcock, P.R. (2017) Changes in Floodplain Inundation under Non-Stationary Hydrology for an Adjustable, Alluvial River Channel. Water Resources Research. doi:10.1002/2016WR020277
  • Is Referenced By: Czuba, J.A., Foufoula-Georgiou, E., Gran, K.B., Belmont, P., Wilcock, P.R., (2017) Interplay between Spatially Explicit Sediment Sourcing, Hierarchical River Network Structure, and In-Channel Bed-Material Sediment Transport and Storage Dynamics. Journal of Geophysical Research-Earth Surface. 122(5), 1090-1120. doi:10.1002/2016JF003965
  • Is Referenced By: Belmont, P., Willenbring, J.K., Schottler, S.P., Marquard. J., Kumarasamy, K., Hemmis, J. (2014) Toward generalizable sediment fingerprinting with tracers that are conservative and non-conservative over sediment routing timescales. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 14 (8), 1479-1492. DOI: 10.1007/s11368-014-0913-5
  • Is Referenced By: Gran, K.B., Finnegan, N., Johnson, A.L., Belmont, P., Wittkop, C., Rittenour, T. (2013) Landscape evolution, valley excavation, and terrace development following abrupt postglacial base level fall. GSA Bulletin. 125(11-12), 1851-1864.
  • Is Referenced By: Maalim, F.K., Melesse, A.M., Belmont, P., Gran, K. (2013) Modeling the impact of land use changes on runoff and sediment yield in the Le Sueur watershed, Minnesota using GeoWEPP. Catena. 107: 35-45.
  • Is Referenced By: Viparelli, E., Lauer, J.W., Belmont, P., Parker, G. (2013) A Numerical Model to Develop Long-term Sediment Budgets Using Isotopic Sediment Fingerprints. Computers and Geosciences Special Issue on Modeling for Environmental Change. 53: 114-122. doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2011.10.003
  • Is Referenced By: Belmont, P., Gran, K.B., Schottler, S.P., Wilcock, P.R., Day, S.S., Jennings, C., Lauer, J.W., Viparelli, E., Willenbring, J.K., Engstrom, D.R., Parker, G. (2011) Large shift in source of fine sediment in the Upper Mississippi River. Environmental Science and Technology. 45, 8804–8810. dx.doi.org/10.1021/es2019109
  • Is Referenced By: Gran, K.B., Belmont, P., Day, S.S., Finnegan, N., Jennings, C., Lauer, J.W., Wilcock, P.R. (2011) Landscape evolution in south-central Minnesota and the role of geomorphic history on modern erosional processes. GSA Today. 21 (9): 7-9
  • Is Referenced By: Belmont, P., Gran, K., Jennings, C.E., Wittkop, C., Day, S.S. (2011) Kirk Bryan Field Trip: Holocene landscape evolution and erosional processes in the Le Sueur River, central Minnesota. Guide book for 2011 GSA National Meeting Kirk Bryan Field Trip, Minneapolis, MN.
  • Is Referenced By: Belmont, P. (2011) Floodplain width adjustments in response to rapid base level fall and knickpoint migration. Geomorphology. 128 (1-2): 92-102.
  • Grant Number: NSF ENG 1209445
  • Funding Institution: National Science Foundation
  • Creator: Patrick Belmont, Angus Vaughan, Bruce Call

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